The term “ymage” refers to a cognitive image, but is spelled with a ‘y’ to avoid associations with visual processing alone. Naturally, the tutorial provides a much better explanation.
While we work primarily for Lane ESD, we do see a few select SLP/ATP clients in private practice, and consult with colleagues and other agencies to help them provide coordinated services.
Trace specializes in: cognition; personality (idiographic and nomothetic); sensory integration; semeiognomy; information and assistive technologies; argumentation and rhetorical analysis; and various kinds and degrees of intelligence. (See more here.)
Sara’s areas of specialization include: feeding and swallowing in schools; augmentative and alternative communication; and social communication.
Sara is also a Certified KonMari Consultant at NighHome.
When he is not reading like a mad fiend (or trying to top 5000 movies in Letterboxd), Trace collects transitional words and phrases to create compound-complex sentences; but more than that, he is a family man. More to the point, he is the husband of Sara Mansfield (with whom he shares three truly amazing brood-spawn). One of Sara's leisure pursuits is to gently remind Trace that people don't know his (peculiar) sense of humor. Yet.
This graph is a remnant of research that plotted the conceptual accessibility of written text according to average sentence length (SL) and difficult words (DW), where the graph itself despicts that area divided into 11 sectors (A-K) based on curves drawn. The sectors are:
The Clyr group (formerly Clyr Inc.) originally researched natural language processing with particular emphasis on ymage technology. We drew upon academic and industrial experience in cognitive science, linguistics, and systems design engineering, as well as professional certificates in technical training and systems administration. While we did get things off the ground, it was in much the same way that a penguin “flies” between the ice and the ocean (e.g., expelling air from its feathers to triple its speed underwater). Our research continues to richly inform our individual pursuits in communication disorders, assistive technology, recreational therapy, information engineering, and so on.
We see a rare few clients individually, as well as some additional students through their association with some (not all) of our partner agencies. To avoid conflicts of interest, we do not see any student privately who already receives our SLP/ATP services through Lane ESD; however, beyond those existing relationships, we are able to accept a few select commissions.
An SLP’s scope of practice is broad, and a detailed description is frankly overwhelming; in brief, we provide therapy (including evaluations) for the following expressive and receptive communication skills:
You can see how these give rise to such areas as:
We want this list to be family-friendly, so it is neither technical nor exhaustive… it simply portrays the gist of what we do.
And as certified Assistive Technology Professionals, we also provide AT services into the mix.
We have been creating apps (iPadOS and macOS) to help improve people’s quality of access. An education service district typically cannot afford to also be a software development company, so all of them were developed outside of any concurrent employment (there or elsewhere), and are offered for free.
Now that these five are all fully supported, we will focus some attention on a couple of programs that should be of more general commercial interest... about which we shall in the meantime remain mysterious.
We have not been deeply involved in active research pursuits for a while now, due to our shift in focus towards the application of tangible products in educational settings; however, our therapy, training, and apps are all grounded in a considerable body of R&D (as well as in our fundamental expertise in statistical analysis, the evaluation of research quality, and so on).
So let us know if you have a collaborative project in mind.
We do have some white papers available regarding the existing Clyr search engine technology, namely: an introduction, an illustrative metaphor, and a description of what makes it distinct from other systems. We have a paper on semeiognomy basics, but that material has all been incorporated into the tutorial on communication disorders therapy in intensely special education.
While Clyr Ink Press is the face of our professional interaction with the community, Clyr also incorporates our personal activities more generally, such as: puppet making, role-playing games, inclusion (and inclusive events), stories, food, scrapbooking, gardening, beekeeping, and on and on (and on).
So those interests are also represented here, whether or not they are ever associated with services and projects.
Therapy (through a partner): When we serve a client through a partner, that agency determines the pricing and handles the billing (including any interaction with medical insurance).
Therapy (through Clyr): We are not set up to bill medical insurance. When we provide services directly through Clyr Ink Press, sessions for individuals (and small groups) are $120 for a 50-minute ‘hour’. Formal evaluations (including AAC/AT) are $120 (to cover report production), plus $120 per 60-minute hour, which typically takes two to three hours. (Consequent implementation of systems is approached as training, below.) Observations are $60 per hour (i.e., when there is no significant direct interaction with the client), whether that is informal (e.g., to render opinions about strategies for a job site) or as an indirect part of a formal evaluation (e.g., observing at home or in a classroom). The service required for ongoing maintenance of AAC/AT systems is so varied that the pricing must be discussed individually; that said, the ultimate goal is to bring a client and their family to be independent of our support.
Training: Staff training (individual or group) is $120 per hour, as is instruction around the set-up and use of switch-access training systems. There is no compounding of fees when training is associated with the time that is part of a concurrent evaluation (e.g., if you are already paying for an AT evaluation, you won’t get charged double to be trained on a system that gets recommended). When we host AAC Family Night (through our work at Lane ESD), attendance is of course free. Access to the tutorial material on this site is also free.
Apps: Our current suite of five education apps are all offered for free. Contact us if you are interested in having us create apps for you, as the cost varies widely depending upon the project (e.g., how much of the actual programming we are doing, how much is design consultation for an app of your creation, whether the app is intended to be released for free for education, and so on). When it comes to apps being developed for education, which will also be offered for free, we likewise tend to offer our consultation free of charge.
Abstract of the Dissertation
Prominence: from Sensation to Language
Tracy Cameron Mansfield
Doctor of Philosophy in Cognitive Science and Linguistics
University of California, San Diego, 1997
Professor Ronald W. Langacker, Chair
Two written corpora were sifted to uncover 1,452 contemporary American English words in declarative sentences that were isolated for prominence with italics. This research shows that conversants rely upon a direct iconic proportion between phonological and semantic intensity, resolving ambiguous form-meaning associations by exceeding the dimensional limitations of sequential segmentation. A speaker/signer aligns a model of reality adopted by a looker/listener with its own, either identifying a word-internal meaning disparity through ELABORATION, or revealing a word which can repair a word-external mismatch with REVELATION. These functions have their basis in the cognitive abilities of POWER and PRECISION, whose primitive progenitors provided the threshold across which sensation was adapted for communication. Elaboration signifies either an increase in semantic power (‘huge’ is ‘very huge’) or a discharge of EMOTION. Meanings portrayed with essentially spatial imagery are articulated with greater PRECISION, often as INTOLERANCE (‘all’ is ‘absolutely all’). Also, parcelling semantic variations as a type’s instances allows a POSITION in that type to elaborate a word’s meaning. PROPER instances are paragonal (where ‘green’ is ‘a real green-green’), and odd ones are PERIPHERAL (where ‘green’ is ‘a weird green’). In revelation, contextual mismatches are identified by shifting the intensity or location of primary prominence. The prominent word is exchanged for a counterpart located in a parallel setting either in discourse or in common knowledge. SUBSTITUTION exchanges an explicit, single-word discourse counterpart. DERIVATION exchanges implicit or multi-word counterparts through an appeal to conventional or contextual associations. Greater prominence is used to repair broader mismatches in construal, correcting errors which are rooted more deeply inside common knowledge or memory. With LINKED close instances, mutual prominence is /interpreted/ as significant. Mutually prominent words are taxonomically DISSOCIATED as labels, or COORDINATED according to their pre-existing causal or consequential links. Both dissociation and coordination can be augmented by the TIMING provided by close structural parallels.
These are agencies whose missions we support in a variety of ways, at the very least personally (including morally and ethically), and sometimes professionally. We are not implying that any of their students use our services, but rather our intent is to gratefully recognize their valuable contributions to the people in our community. (Logos displayed with permission.*)
“Our mission is to organize support, resources, and community for queer folks in the state currently known as Oregon.”
Circle of Friends School
“Circle of Friends was founded on one simple concept: youth with severe impairments and challenges are just like anyone else – they deserve opportunities. Through resources, support, training, and a community built on compassion, we’re here to break the cycle of isolation for these individuals and the people who love them.”
Educational Equity Now
“Dedicated to improving positive and equitable outcomes for students, families, and educators by providing access to a variety of resources, creating and supporting community enrichment projects, and assisting educators and partner organizations in their missions to promote equity in education and society.”
* We are still securing permission to use the Lane ESD logo.
Trace: +1 541 221 4774
Sara: +1 541 915 8291